After launching first hard X-ray Modulation Telescope especially designed to observe pulsars, gamma-ray bursts, and black holes, China will now launch four space probes before 2021, says the State Administration of Science and Technology and Industry for National Defence. They made this announcement on June 16.
Following will be the four major satellites that China is expected to launch before 2021:
- One of the satellite, China-Italy Electromagnetic Monitoring Experiment Satellite will be sent to space this August. This satellite will study phenomena related to earthquakes from space.
- This will be followed by the second mission of China-France Oceanography Satellite expected to launch next year in 2018 that will study and gather the information of ocean-surface winds and waves to improve the forecasts for ocean and improve efficiency in preventing and mitigating calamities.
- The third astronomical satellite jointly developed by China and France will be launched in 2021. This satellite will be sent to study and gather the information of gamma rays. It will also provide information on dark energy and process how the universe was evolved.
- The forth probe will be sent to the red planet, Mars in 2020. This will be first Mars probe that will be launched by the country. The probe will carry out orbiting and roving exploration on Mars.
The X-ray telescope satellite was launched to compact objects such as black holes or neutron stars. Astronomers will work on lunar missions and even on sending a mission to the Jupiter system. They will also conduct manned space missions along with space environment exploration missions. Zhao Jian, deputy director of the administration’s system engineering department said, “The telescope boasted a wider band, larger detection area and the broader field of view for observation, making it possible for China to make more innovations in space technology.”
Wu Yanhua, deputy chief of National Space Administration concluded saying, “Our overall goal is that, by around 2030, China will be among the major space powers of the world.”